A home exercise program is beneficial to patients who have just finished their physical therapy regimen. This is something they can easily do at home to ensure that the progress made with their therapist will not be undone by going back to a sedentary lifestyle.
With the help and support of a therapist, maintaining muscle tone and strength should be easy with a specially designed home exercise program. Careful planning and consideration is needed so that a therapist can come up with the most effective and suitable program for the patient. These should be tailored fit since patient’s medical conditions often vary.
A well designed and effective home exercise program should have the following basic components: aerobic activity to maintain and improve the cardiovascular system, exercised to increase range of movement and flexibility and building muscle strength through strength training. Some equipment might be required for a home exercise program depending on the recommended exercises. More often than not, a good pair of supportive shoes should be sufficient.
Aerobics is good for health maintenance. It is recommended that at least 90 minutes of aerobic activity should be done on a weekly basis for the patient to feel its benefits. A good home exercise program for aerobics can include jogging, biking, jumping rope and even going for brisk walks. Using treadmills and stationary bikes are also recommended if the equipment is readily available. Aerobic exercises for a home exercise program can be done three times a week, starting with 10 to 15 minutes and increasing it gradually up to 30 minutes.
Flexibility involves stretching the muscles and taking care not to injure them by knowing their limits. Flexibility in a home exercise program can be done with a series of Pilates or Yoga movements. Various muscles running from the neck down to the ankles can greatly benefit from doing these types of exercises. Brief activities to warm-up and to cool down can also be considered as flexibility exercises.
Strength training activities as part of a home exercise program does not have to be intensive. A beginner can start with 10 minute session three times a week. Rubber bands and stability balls can be used to get a total body workout. Other activities includes core and resistance exercises. Plank, lunges, squats, bicep curls, crutches and arm rows can be easily done at in small spaces at home.